Caregory:  Jobs

Added on:  9/7/2013 6:13:45 PM

Views:  2

Replies:  4

India Has More Jobs but Poorer Jobs

The Indian government it seems, is trying to clutch straws where there are none. The National Sample Survey Organisation’s has released a report on employment and unemployment for 2011-2012; which is one such straw. This report indicated that 13.9 million more individuals were employed when compared to 2010-2011. It has been noted that the fastest growing jobs of the organized sector are in sales and customer services but there is no equal or substantial rise in them. 

The graphs show a raise in wage employment in rural areas has increased from 7.3% to 8.7%; but these can be notes as low paying wages for the workers who work in the government sector as anganwadi workers, accredited social health activists and para-teachers. It was also seen that the unemployment rate had increased a tad as major of the rural women were left unemployed.

When compared to previous statistics more women from the cities were seen getting jobs from the labour market. These statistics state that 7 million jobs a year were created in 2 years. Mr Pronab Sen, chairman of the National Statistical Commission says that the fact that the jobs were created when the economy is low is not important but he notes that the unemployment has decreased from 6.6%  to 5.6%.  
But what puzzles Mr Sen, the job market and the economists is the unanswered question. Where did the 13.9 million jobs come from; as there had neither been expansion of present projects by the corporates neither was there greenfield investments in the last 2 years. 

There has even been speculation of employment of casual labour during the boom year in which a large share of medium and small enterprises where established but later the labour was rationalized. Most of the jobs created were in low-productivity operations that provided low wages. The stats show that even when the number of salaried workers has increased from 15.6% to 17.9% between 2009-10 and 2011-12, the number of workers in the casual labour sector fell from 33.5% to 29.9%.

Mr Sen debates that it is about non-farm, corporate, formal and good jobs and the survey does not show how the youth fared in it and how many of the 1 million unemployed individuals were jobless because they did not meet the required qualification for the new job or there wasn’t any new job in the first place.

The casual labour and self-employment continues to account for 80% which is not a good sign as being self-employed is driven by distress.


Riya Replied on 7/20/2016 at 4:44 AM

Check out this article


Riya Replied on 3/8/2016 at 4:16 AM

The National Sample Survey Organisation’s report on employment and unemployment in India, 2011-12, released in end-June, appeared to be one such straw for the UPA. The numbers indicated that 13.9 million more people were employed in 2011-12 than in 2009-10. If that was touted as a rebuttal of charges of jobless growth, then the decline in casual labour and the increase in salaried jobs appeared to disprove the theory about growing casualisation of labour. More women in cities were coming into the labour market and getting jobs. There were spoilers, of course—the unemployment rate was up marginally and fewer rural women were getting employment. But at first glance, the numbers presented a slightly rosy picture. “The fact that seven million jobs a year have been created in two years when the economy wasn’t doing well isn’t trivial,” says Pronab Sen, chairman of the National Statistical Commission. Underemployment too, he notes, has come down from 6.6 percent to 5.6 percent.


Riya Replied on 9/10/2015 at 5:10 AM

India has all types of jobs for all age group of people.


aniket Replied on 3/31/2015 at 5:20 PM

Are you saying distress drives one to being self-employed, or that there is distress in being self-employed, or both?

    Please Login or Register to post a comment.